Lifestyle

New study shows that infections are the main cause of hydrocephalus in African children

In a systematic review in The Lancet Global Health, Ph.D.-student Camilla Grøver Aukrust and colleagues have studied the causes of hydrocephalus in African children. “Hydrocephalus is a disease that affects children, and which we know can lead to serious cognitive issues or death,” says Camilla Grøver Aukrust, nurse and Ph.D. research fellow at the Department […]

Lifestyle

Study identifies novel epigenetic changes in pediatric brain cancer

Investigators have identified previously unknown sets of epigenetic changes in pediatric brain tumors, which could serve as novel therapeutic targets and provide alternative treatment options for patients, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in Nature Communications. Xiao-Nan Li, MD, Ph.D., the Rachelle and Mark Gordon Professor of Cancer Research and a member of the […]

Lifestyle

Scientists discover two master genes critical for hearing

An international team of scientists led by the LKS Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong (HKUMed) has uncovered the underlying cause of deafness caused by swelling of the chambers in the inner ear. Using a mouse model of a human congenital disorder that displays deafness, the researchers identified two master genes controlling hearing […]

Lifestyle

Chronological age, biological age and gender affect the shrinkage of different brain areas

Humans lose brain volume as they age, at an estimated rate of 5% per decade after age 40. But that estimate obscures the role that individual physiology plays in regards to functional brain aging. Utilizing sophisticated analytic tools, researchers at the Buck Institute and the University of California, San Francisco analyzed 554 patients using volumetric […]

Lifestyle

Twin study links exercise to beneficial epigenetic changes

Consistent exercise can change not just waistlines but the very molecules in the human body that influence how genes behave, a new study of twins indicates. The Washington State University study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, found that the more physically active siblings in identical twin pairs had lower signs of metabolic disease, measured […]

Lifestyle

Parkinson’s medication improved blood pressure in teens with Type 1 diabetes

Teens with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) who took bromocriptine, a medication used to treat Parkinson’s disease and Type 2 diabetes, had lower blood pressure and less stiff arteries after one month of treatment compared to those who did not take the medicine, according to a small study published today in Hypertension, an American Heart Association […]

Lifestyle

Computerized decision support system helps to reduce cardiovascular risk factors in patients with diabetes

Compared with team-based care alone, the addition of a computerized clinical decision support system (CDSS) significantly reduced cardiovascular risk factors in patients with diabetes. These findings may have important public health and clinical significance in low- and middle-income countries where there is a lack of diabetes specialists to manage patients. Diabetes has become a major […]